Latest IGNOU Bshf 101 question paper December 2019 (with answers)

Guys, here is the latest bshf 101 question paper which held on 9 december 2019.

Here, you can see the bshf 101 multiple choice questions (mcq) that came in the exam.

1. The post industrial society is:

  1. Same as the stone age society
  2. the Same as the feudal society
  3. the Same as the ancient society
  4. A society which comes after the industrial phase and whose axial principles have changed to knowledge from that of land and Lasous (Correct Answer)

2. By Renaissance we mean :

  1. The predominance of humanism of reason (Correct Answer)
  2. predominance of irrationality
  3. the predominance of superstitions
  4. predominance of mythology

3. Gandhiji adopted the path of :

  1. non-violence and truth (Correct Answer)
  2. violence
  3. untruth
  4. Both violence and untruth

4. Noam Chomsky emphasised :

  1. that knowledge is propaganda
  2. the need to keep knowledge from degenerating into propaganda (Correct Answer)
  3. that knowledge should be divorced from criticism
  4. there is no need for knowledge in today’s world

5. In the bronze age :

  1. there was no reclamation of land
  2. land did not exist as a means for cultivation
  3. land was not systematically reclaimed
  4. there are evidences to suggest that land was Systematically reclaimed from swamps and desert and record quantities of food stuffs were being produced. (Correct Answer)

6. The cultural 6 characteristics of the New Stone Age correspond roughly to what Morgan called the:

  1. Advanced Age  
  2. Highly Advanced Age
  3. Barbaric Age (Correct Answer)
  4. Post-Industrial Age

7. The first human being to have lived in a complete environment dating back to 50,00,000 years is known as :

  1. The Cicilian Man
  2. The Peking Man (Correct Answer)
  3. The Vietcong Man
  4. The Delhi Man

8. In their quest for knowledge human beings :

  1. did not discover anything
  2. discovered only values
  3. simultaneously discovered science and values (Correct Answer)
  4. discovered only science

9. Laws of magic :

  1. upheld the rule of validity
  2. violated the rule of validity (Correct Answer)
  3. were based on true premises
  4. were completely scientific

10. The individual which is the subject-matter of knowledge :

  1. can be fragmented among the disciplines
  2. cannot be fragmented among the disciplines
  3. can be divided into ‘political’ and ‘sociological’ man (Correct Answer)
  4. belies the hope for an interpretation of knowledge

11. Francis Bacon emphasised the :

  1. scholastic method of speculation
  2. metaphysics of superstition
  3. Marxist method
  4. inductive method against the speculative method of the scholastic (Correct Answer)

12. Marcuse saw the post-industrial society as:

  1. the behaviourist universe
  2. the Marxist universe (Correct Answer)
  3. the Epicurean universe
  4. the Neo-Aristotelian universe

13. The drain theory formulated by the nationalists referred to :

  1. the process of setting up drainage systems in India
  2. the process by which a significant part of India’s national wealth was being exported to England for which India got no economic relieves (Correct Answer)
  3. the processes of medical practitioners
  4. the processes of magic in India

14. The industrialisation of England was accompanied by

  1. the decline and destruction of Indian cotton manufacturer in a process called deindustrialisation
  2. the growth of Indian cotton manufacturer
  3. the stable industrialisation of all sectors of Indian economy including cotton manufacturing
  4. decline of British imports from India (Correct Answer)

 15. Professor Sumit Sarkar is of the opinion that :

  1. in colonial India laissez faire policies actively discouraged exploitation of India
  2. behind a facade of laissez faire government policies often actively promoted European enterprise (Correct Answer)
  3. Laissez faire as a policy was followed only in Sri Lanka
  4. Laissez faire as a policy was only followed in China

16.  According to Thomas Macaulay the aim of the colonial education policy was :

  1. to create “a class of persons, Indians in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals and intellect” (Correct Answer)
  2. to inculcate critical idea about the British rule amongst Indians
  3. create specialists who would take up the leadership of Indian governance
  4. to create a cadre of experienced clerical labour

19. The Swadeshi Movement started as a reaction to:

  1. partition of Bengal in 1905 (Correct Answer)
  2. partition of Nagaland in 1905
  3. the partition of Bombay in 1905
  4. partition of Kerala in 1905

20. The Extremists or Militant nationalists :

  1. insisted the good intentions of the colonial rulers
  2. felt that the trust in good intentions of colonial rulers was misplaced (Correct Answer)
  3. had no opinion on the intentions of the colonial rulers
  4. believed in prayer and petition to the colonial rulers

21. Gandhiji led the Dandi March to :

  1. make salt in violation of the colonial law (Correct Answer)
  2. make sugar in violation of the colonial law
  3. to make gur in violation of the colonial law
  4. manufacture textiles in violation of the colonial law

22. After the Chauri-Chaura violence in 1922 Gandhiji :

  1. intensified the non-co-operation movement
  2. withdrew the non-co-operation movement (Correct Answer)
  3. called for more violence against the British
  4. called for burning more police stations by the movement

23. With the announcement of the quit India movement in 1912 Gandhiji gave a call to the people to:

  1. Not to do anything
  2. Sit at home in protest
  3. Do or die (Correct Answer)
  4. Go and tour the country

24.  Khudiram Bose the revolutionary nationalist was:

  1. felicitated by the British government
  2. sent abroad for medical treatment by the British government
  3. sent on a special mission by the British government
  4. was hanged by the British government (Correct Answer)

25. The Indian National Congress :

  1. always supported the people’s movement in princely states
  2. started supporting the people’s movement in the princely states after 1937 (Correct Answer)
  3. never supported the people’s movement in the princely states
  4. supported the people’s movement in the princely states only before 1937

26. The national movement under the Indian National Congress:

  1. was only inward looking (Correct Answer)
  2. never rose above a racist outlook on the international events
  3. pursued a broad international outlook
  4. preached hate for the British people

27. The national movement since the early days :

  1. was never committed to the ideal of secularism
  2. was committed to the ideal of secularism (Correct Answer)
  3. had only a communal outlook
  4. never believed in the coexistence of different religious groups

28. The British system of education in India:

  1. paradoxically gave impetus to forming an All India intelligentsia (Correct Answer)
  2.  had no role in creating an intelligentsia in India
  3. had no paradoxical consequences
  4. led to forming of only an uneducated middle class

29. In the post-independence period Nehru envisaged that the bureaucracy should take up :

  1. developmental responsibilities (Correct Answer)
  2. colonial responsibilities only
  3. no responsibilities whatsoever
  4. pre-colonial responsibilities only

30. By pluralism in India we mean :

  1. the concept that only one culture can exist in India
  2. the concept that a variety of cultures, traditions, religions and ethnic groups can coexist together (Correct Answer)
  3. A concept that only one religion can exist in India
  4. the concept that only one ethnic group can exist in India

31. High reveune demand on the Indian peasantry during the colonial period meant that :

  1. the peasantry prospered
  2. the peasantry was able to generate resources for technological improvement
  3. peasantry got caught in a vicious debt trap (Correct Answer)
  4. the peasantry was able to modernize itself

32. The colonial state was :

  1. a semi-hegemonic state (Correct Answer)
  2. a feudal state only
  3. a fully democratic state
  4. a segmentary state

33. Under the Permanent Settlement of Cornwallis :

  1. a settlement was reached directly with the peasant cultivations
  2. a settlement was made with the Mahals
  3. settlement was made with landless labour
  4. a settlement was made with a class of Zamindars (Correct Answer)

34. The Ryotwari system of Munro provided for:

  1. a periodical reassessment of land revenue (Correct Answer)
  2. a permanent fixation of land revenue
  3. doing away with land reveue altogether
  4. replacing land revenue with a corporate tax

35. Amartya sen is of the opinion that india’s worst performance in the field of education is in:

  1. Higher education
  2. Scientific education
  3. elementary education (Correct Answer)
  4. both in higher eductaion and scientist education

36. By the term” ascribed status’ we mean:

  1. A status earned by a person
  2. A status that a person inherits at birth (Correct Answer)
  3. that there is no need to examine the question of status in a society
  4. status cannot be inherited in a society

37. The functionalists believe that:

  1. had it not been for the essential functions that family performs, it would have ceased to exist for long now (Correct Answer)
  2. the family has no functions
  3. family is only a structure
  4. the family existed only in the prehistoric age

38. By exogamy sociologists mean:

  1. a rule which insists that one carry only outside of one’s group or lineage (Correct Answer)
  2. a rule that only polygamy can be practised
  3. rule that only polyandry can be practised
  4. a rule that only incestuous marriages can be performed

39. The Juvenile Justice Act of 1986 wan launched:

  1. with a view to provide uniform pattern of justice to juveniles throughout the country
  2. with a view to discriminate against the juveniles in the country (Correct Answer)
  3. a view to provide BPL cards to the poor
  4. a view to provide election identity card to the poor

40. The tribes designated as criminal tribes by the British were denotified In:

  1. 1937
  2. 1942
  3. 1952 (Correct Answer)
  4. 1955

41. The concept of social transformation is closely related to :

  1. social change (Correct Answer)
  2. maintaining status quo in society
  3. to maintaining status quo in the family
  4. maintaining status quo in the clans

42. The Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly was chaired by :

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru
  2. G. S. Muni
  3. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (Correct Answer)
  4. J. B. Kriplani

43. The Preamble of the Constitution is placed :

  1. at the end of the document  
  2. at the beginning of the document   (Correct Answer)
  3. in the middle of the document
  4. in the appendix of the document

44. The Indian Constitution is :

  1. a written constitution (Correct Answer)
  2. an unwritten constitution
  3. based on folklore  
  4. based on speculation

45. The  Fundamental Rights in India are :

  1. not enforceable in the Court of law
  2. enforceable In the Court of Law (Correct Answer)
  3. enforceable only by the Executive
  4. are enforceable only by the Municipalities

46. The Directive Principles of the Indian Constitution:

  1. are not legally enforceable
  2. are legally enforceable (Correct Answer)
  3. enforceable by the Municipalities
  4. are enforceable by Panchayats only

47. The Greek states practised :

  1. Representative Democracy
  2. Democratic Centralism  
  3. Direct Democracy
  4. Presidential Democracy (Correct Answer)

48. India is :

  1. a parliamentary democracy modelled on the Westminster Parliamentary Democracy of U. K (Correct Answer)
  2. a U. S. type Presidential Democracy
  3. a Soviet style Democracy
  4. a Chinese type authoritarian political system

49. The Election Commission in India is:

  1. a voluntary body
  2. a body controlled by the Executive
  3. a statutory fully autonomous body established under the Constitution (Correct Answer)
  4. a semi-autonomous body controlled by the judiciary  

50. The Departmental System leads to:

  1. a rational classification of the governmental operations that are multiple and diverse (Correct Answer)
  2. an irrational classification of the governmental operations
  3. a mythological classification of the governmental operations
  4. grass root control of the organisation

 51. It can be said that the state and the government:

  1. are permanent
  2. are both temporary  
  3. state is relatively permanent and the government is temporary   (Correct Answer)
  4. state is temporary and the government is permanent    

52. The practise of public administration:

  1. is still dominated by the government
  2. is now dominated only by civil society  
  3. has no role for the civil society 
  4. is giving way to networking between government, market and collective groups of people commonly referred to as ‘Civil Society’ (Correct Answer)

53. Governance is the process through which :

  1. the policies of the state that affect the public are implemented (Correct Answer)
  2. policies of the state are made redundant
  3. the public is made redundant
  4. only civil society is made redundant

54. Rule of law :

  1. has no relevance for governance
  2. provides governance with a fair legal framework to ensure the smooth functioning of the administrative machinery (Correct Answer)
  3. only upholds the practice of discrimination in governance
  4. does not protect the interests and rights of the citizens  

55. The concept of citizen’s charters originated in:

  1. Germany
  2. Belgium
  3. Netherlands
  4. Britain (Correct Answer)

56. The most comprehensive set of recommendations regarding administration and administrative efficiency were made by:

  1. the Administrative Reforms Commission set up in January, 1966
  2. the lokur Committee
  3. the Ayyengar Committee (Correct Answer)
  4. the Gogoi Committee

57. Herbert Simon points out that communication process in an organisation is one in which:

  1. the decisional premises are hidden from the members of the organisation
  2. decisional premises are made redundant in an organisation
  3. the decisional premises are transmitted from one member of an organisation to another
  4. there is no possibility of the group influencing the behaviour of an individual (Correct Answer)

58. Fundamental Duties were added to the Indian Constitution by the.:

  1. 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976   (Correct Answer)
  2. 77th Amendment
  3. 73rd Amendment
  4. 59th Amendment       

60. In the Kesavananda Bharati case the Supreme Court ruled that:

  1. the basic structure of the constitution could be changed
  2. the basic structure of the constitution could not be changed (Correct Answer)
  3. it had no opinion on the issue of the basic structure of the constitution
  4. the basic structure of the constitution could be partially changed

60. The National Commission established on Jun. 27, 2003 with the then Chief Justice Venkatachaliah on its Chairman was constituted to:

  1. review the working of the Constitution (Correct Answer)
  2. review the working of the Executive
  3. to review the working of the Parliament
  4. review the working of the Panchayats

61. The Panchayati Raj Act of 1957 :

  1. established a two-tier structure of rural political participation
  2. established a three-tier structure of rural political participation and decision. making of the village, block and district levels (Correct Answer)
  3. the establishment of a single-tier structure of rural participation
  4. established a seven-tier structure of rural participation

62. Economic development should conceptually:

  1. be treated the same as economic growth
  2. include only growth in literacy
  3. include growth in production of an economy, literacy, health, child mortality rate, equality, regional balance, infrastructure etc. (Correct Answer)
  4. include only health indicators

63. Indian economy is a mixed economy :

  1. because public sector and private sector coexist and constitute to the production process (Correct Answer)
  2. because only public sector exists here
  3. only private sector exists here
  4. because both the public sector and private sector have no role here

64. When an economy moves on to the third stage of demographic transition :

  1. only death rates rise
  2. only birth rates rise
  3. both birth rates and death rates rise
  4. both birth rates and death rates are low (Correct Answer)

65. By the term disguised unemployment in Indian agriculture we mean:

  1. a situation where a person is engaged fully in agriculture but his contribution is zero. It implies that if we take away the worker agricultural output will not decline (Correct Answer)
  2. a situation where a person is not at all engaged in agriculture
  3. a situation where a person is only partially engaged in agriculture and is partially contributing to the output
  4. situation where agricultural workers wear masks and perform their tasks

66. The Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution specifies :

  1. The manner in which Municipal bodies will impose taxes
  2. The manner in which Panchayats will impose taxes
  3. manner in which taxes are to be imposed by the central and state level governments (Correct Answer)
  4. The manner in which Zilla Pnrishad will impose taxes

67. Big Push theory of economic development is attributed to :

  1. Rosenstein Rodan (Correct Answer)
  2. Charles Wallace
  3. Harvey Goldsmith
  4. William Petty

68. India had two Six Five Year Plan practically from :

  1. 1990-95 and 1995-2000
  2. 1978-83 and 1980-85 (Correct Answer)
  3. 1965-70 and 1970-75
  4. 1950-55 and 1955-60

69. The Crucial year in which India introduced economic reforms was in:

  1. 2000
  2. 2003
  3. 2005
  4. 1991 (Correct Answer)

70. The Second Five Year Plan emphasised:

  1. Large scale industrialisation (Correct Answer)
  2. Development of the service sector
  3. The Development of fisheries
  4. Development of sericulture

71. After the Third Five Year Plan the plan holiday was observed from :

  1. 1971-74
  2. 1981-84
  3. 1966-69 (Correct Answer)
  4. 2001-04

72. After independence the first resolution on industrial policy in April, 1948 strewn the importance of :

  1. Liberalisation of the economy
  2. Market led economic growth
  3. Planning for the economy and expressed the desire to set up a Nation Planning Commission (Correct Answer)
  4. Setting up a knowledge economy

73. The architect of the Second Five Year Plan was :

  1. Prabhat Patnaik
  2. Utsa Patnaik
  3. Dipesh Chakrahorty
  4. P. C. Mahalanobis (Correct Answer)

74. The strategy of import-substitution for industrialisation was adopted during the:

  1. Tenth Five Year Plan
  2. Second Five Year Plan (Correct Answer)
  3. Eighth Five Year Plan
  4. Ninth Five Year Plan

75. Removal of industrial licensing was an important featuro of the :

  1. First Five Year plan
  2. Third Five Year plan
  3. Economic reforms adopted after 1991 (Correct Answer)
  4. Fourth Five year plan

76. Disinvestment during the current economic reforms means:

  1. Investing heavily in the public sector undertakings
  2. Maintaining the public sector undertakings as they exist
  3. Transferring the shares of private sector undertakings to the public sector undertakings
  4. Shares of public sector undertakings being sold in the market with the object of obtaining revenue to reduce budget deficit (Correct Answer)

77. The term ‘Literature’ may cover :

  1. Only poetry
  2. Only novels
  3. Poetry, novel, drama, short story and literary essay-it in an umbrella term (Correct Answer)
  4. Only drama

78. Epics are :

  1. usually short poems
  2. usually short stories
  3. The usually critical literary essays
  4. usually very long poems that talk about heroes (Correct Answer)

79. Short poems capable of being sung are :

  1. Lyrics (Correct Answer)
  2. Epics
  3. Novels
  4. Literary essays

80. Salman Rushdie ‘s writings are usually regarded as a part of :

  1. Pre-colonial Literature
  2. Medieval Literature
  3. Ancient Literature
  4. Post-colonial Literature (Correct Answer)

81. Drama as literature is meant to be :

  1. staged (Correct Answer)
  2. maintained only as a manuscript
  3. maintained only as a literary showpiece
  4. published as a novel

82. Literary criticism usually works in the domain of :

  1. Aesthetic judgement (Correct Answer)
  2. Non-judgemental essays
  3. Medical judgement
  4. Military judgement

83. The Ajanta cave paintings depict mainly :

  1. Scenes from life of Mahavira
  2. Scenes from life of Adi-Sankaracharya (Correct Answer)
  3. The Scenes from the life and previous lives of Buddha and natural surroundings
  4. Scenes from the lives of Sant Ravidas

84. The Rajasthani School of Art comprises mainly:

  1. Miniatures that strangely did not originate as miniatures (Correct Answer)
  2. Cubist paintings
  3. Avant-garde art
  4. Rock-shelter silhouttes

85. By the time of Natyashastra was composed :

  1. Dance and drama were divorced from each other
  2. The Dance was very much part of drama (Correct Answer)
  3. Dance alone was the art form
  4. Drama alone was the art form

86. Kathak has been promoted mainly through three gharanas i.e :

  1. Lucknow. Jaipur and Banaras (Correct Answer)
  2. Vellore, Chennai and Coimbatore
  3. Mumbai, Pune and Aurangabad
  4. Ahmedabad, Anand and Rajkot

87. The basic Swara in Indian Music is called:

  1. Saptak
  2. Nritya
  3. Shadaj (Correct Answer)
  4. Malang

88. The novel as a form developed in the:

  1. 12th century
  2. 13th century
  3. 10th century
  4. 18th century (Correct Answer)

89. Hindi cinema today revolves around :

  1. Animation only
  2. Cartoons only
  3. The star system (Correct Answer)
  4. Stunt men only

90. The idea of human security today includes :

  1. The ideas of national security only
  2. The ideas of local security only
  3. ideas of civic security only
  4. the idea of human rights (Correct Answer)

91. Achievement of human security requires :

  1. a global political culture that is founded on shared values of human dignity and human rights (Correct Answer)
  2. a narrow chauvinistic culture
  3. a culture centred around religious rights only
  4. a culture centred around caste privileges only

92. The Successes of the green revolution:

  1. automatically lead to rapid and dramatic reduction in poverty and malnutrition
  2. led to self-sufficiency in foodgrains (Correct Answer)
  3. lead to automatic effective demand by the poor
  4. lend to automatic development of the red revolution

93. Learning to live together :

  1. constitutes an important pillar of education in the Delors report
  2. is of no consequence to education according to Delors report
  3. only a feudal concept according to Delors report
  4. is only a Marxist concept according to Delors report

94. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is used :

  1. for only commercial purposes
  2. for only industrial purposes
  3. as an important tool for providing education (Correct Answer)
  4. has no role in the field of education

95. Peace and conflict are :

  1. Concepts of hyper-realist only
  2. Rhetorical concepts only
  3. Absolute concepts only
  4. Historical relative concepts (Correct Answer)

96. In 1989 the statement that `What we are witnessing is not just the end of cold war….but the end of history as such….” was made by:

  1. Partha Chatterjee
  2. Sumit Sarkar
  3. Francis Fukuyama (Correct Answer)
  4. Jeremy Corbyn

97. The Fundamental duty of every citizen of india to protect and improve the national environment was incorporated as:

  1. Article 30 of the Indian Constitution
  2. Article 352 of the Indian Constitution
  3. The Article 90 of the Indian Constitution
  4. Article 51A subclause g under the 42nd Amendment (Correct Answer)

98. Under the Kyoto Protocol:

  1. Industrialised countries except U. S. and Australia agreed to reduce their emissions by 5.2 percent between 2008-12 (Correct Answer)
  2. Industrialised countries agreed to increase their emissions
  3. Only developing countries agreed to reduce emissions
  4. Only developing countries agreed to cooperate on climate issues

99. President George Bush (senior):

  1. Agreed to sign the convention on Biological Diversity in 1992
  2. Refused to sign the convention on Biological Diversity at the 1992 Rio Summit (Correct Answer)
  3. Signed only on a partial convention on Biological Diversity in 1992
  4. Agreed to sign the Kyoto Protocol only

100. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990s we increasingly talk about :

  1. a bipolar world
  2. a tripolar world
  3. a unipolar world order under U. S. hegemony (Correct Answer)
  4. a multipolar world


        1. पहले सवाल जवाब वाले प्रश्न आते थे,वो अब नही आयेंगे एग्जाम में। अब क्या एग्जाम में सिर्फ एमसीक्यूस वाले प्रश्न आयेंगे क्या सर।

      1. Question Answer वाले प्रश्न अब नही आयेंगे। अब से क्या सिर्फ MCQS आयेंगे एग्जाम में।

  1. Some of your answers are wrong. The correct answer are :

    1. Directive principles of state policy ARE NOT legally enforceable.
    2. The Juvibile Justice act was given to ensure uniform pattern of justice to juveniles throughout he country.
    3. The greek states practice DIRECT DEMOCRACY. not presidential.

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